Most people tend to go from Broadway to Hollywood, but Fosse was never really "most people." Instead he had a decent film career going, dancing and choreographing. But, when he began to bald (or so the story goes) his opportunities for film roles diminished significantly, so he moved east. On Broadway, he appeared as a soloist in a revue called Dance Me a Song, and later understudied the title role in the first revival of Pal Joey. From then on, pretty much, it was behind the scenes, with a career that grew from choreographer to director to conception to master of all things in a production. He returned to the stage as a performer, this time taking the lead in the next revival of Pal Joey.
An improbable trio of friends: Reinking, Fosse, Verdon
His first choreography credit on Broadway was The Pajama Game, for which he won his first Tony Award. The rest of his Broadway career reads like a primer of classic musicals. He staged the dances and directed some 14 productions, earning 20 Tony nominations in a variety of categories, including best choreography and direction, but also Best Actor (Pal Joey) and Best Book (Chicago and Big Deal).
Here are some highlights of Fosse on Broadway:
- 1955: Damn Yankees Tony Award; first show with muse, Gwen Verdon, who also won a Tony for the role of Lola.
- 1956: Bells Are Ringing, Tony nomination
- 1957: New Girl in Town, again with Verdon, Tony nomination
- 1959: Redhead, Verdon starred and it was his first directorial credit on Broadway, Tony Award, Best Choreography.
- 1961: How to Succeed in Business without Really Trying, "Musical Staging" credit. ("Coffee Break", "A Secretary is Not a Toy")
- 1962: Little Me, direction (Tony nomination) and choreography (Tony Award)
Sweet Charity: Verdon, Allen, Reinking
- 1966: Sweet Charity, his Verdon masterpiece, first "Conceived by" credit, direction (Tony nomination) and choreography (Tony Award)
- 1972: Pippin, probably his "masterpiece", he introduced the world to the TV commercial for Broadway - at least the ones that got people to come see the show, direction (Tony Award) and choreography (Tony Award)
Pippin: Clips from the commercial, and
Fosse protege, Ben Vereen
- 1975: Chicago, at the time ahead of its time, eclipsed by A Chorus Line, nominated for book, direction and choreography Tonys, no wins, the final leading role for Gwen Verdon.
- 1978: Dancin', a revue of nothing but dancin', featuring his new muse and lover/partner Ann Reinking, direction (Tony nomination) and choreography (Tony Award)
Dancin' starring Ann Reinking
- 1986: Sweet Charity revival, first with Debbie Allen, then Ann Reinking. Introduced the world to one Bebe Neuwirth, who won the Best Supporting Actress Tony for her role in the show. It also won Best Revival.
- 1986: Big Deal, his final show. A big flop, except that the choreography was AMAZING. Still he was nominated for Best Book, Direction and Choreography. He won his final Tony for the choreography.
Top: The Master at work
Bottom: How to do his signature moves
Of course, a true legend also influences the future of his art form. And Fosse's influence is felt everywhere there is dancing and a stage. Heck, he is a line in The Birdcage ("Fosse, Fosse, Fosse!," says Robin Williams). And his moves are seen regularly in the dance numbers on Glee. But the carriers of the Fosse torch, the Broadway dancers, make sure his life's work and influence is carried on to the next generation. Two of his biggest successes came well after his death.
Chicago the show that most of All That Jazz is the background of wore the man out, physically and emotionally. And for years he was bitter about how the show was beaten across the board by A Chorus Line. He even was pretty public in his sense of betrayal toward his dancers who went on to be replacements in that show. Today, it is so easy to see that the show was really ahead of its time, which probably explains why it is the longest running revival ever, at nearly 6,000 performances and showing no signs of stopping. Choreographed "in the style of Fosse" by Ms. Reinking, his bowler hats, crooked joints and flexed jazz hands are being introduced to what is now two more generations of future Broadway gypsies. One can only imagine the thrill he would have felt knowing that his baby, Chicago, would be this big this long!
Though the film version, one of the highest grossing musical films of all time, did not recreate his dances or staging, Rob Marshall, director/choreographer of the piece admits that Fosse's presence is felt in every move and every frame. Even original star Chita Rivera makes a cameo.
When he died in 1987, the world lost a major talent. He lived hard, he worked hard and he wrung every bit of living out of his life. Sad as it is, it seems somehow fitting that he passed away just as the National Tour of Sweet Charity was opening, literally. And how poetic that he collapsed into the arms of his wife, muse and love, Gwen Verdon.